The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016 goes to Jean-Pierre Sauvage University of Strasbourg, France, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA and Bernard L. Feringa University of Groningen, the Netherlands.
The 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was won by three scientists for their work on ‘design and synthesis of molecular machines.’ The three scientists are Jean –Pierre Sauvage from France, Sir Frase Stoddart from Britain and Bernard Feringa from Netherlands.
The award-giving body has announced the prize on Wednesday during a press conference in Sweden. The three scientists will share the prize money of 8 million Kronor equally.
The machine conceived by winners is very tiny and a thousand times thinner than a strand of hair and can slip inside the human body quickly. This invention will prove extremely helpful for treating many deadly ailments like cancer. By using the new technique, medicines can be directly applied to malignant tissues and cancer cells.
The new nanotechnology can be applied to design many smart materials as the technology can successfully molecules together for designing everything like artificial muscles or even cars. The scientists have successfully achieved the control of motion at the molecular level.
Announcement of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2016
The new technology will demonstrate how miniaturization can bring revolutions in all fields of science including medicine. The invention has taken chemistry to a new level and has given new hopes to scientists working in other areas.
The new invention has taken energy driven motion control to the molecular level. At present this nanotechnology is in the same stage as the electric motor was during the 1830s, when nobody had thought that few spinning cranks and wheels would lead to modern day complex machines ranging from electric fans to electric trains.
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 5, 2016
Similarly, the new nanotechnology can be used in various areas like robotics, administration of medicines directly to cells, development of new materials, sensors, and energy storage system. It will revolutionize the technology and machines altogether.
The concept of molecular machines was given by the scientist Richard Feynman who considered the possibilities that matter can be manipulated at the molecular level.