We all know that crocodiles are popular for their powerful bite. But do you know who possesses the strongest bite force on our planet today? The answer is again same – The massive saltwater crocodile. Yes, you might not believe it, but it’s true. This biggest reptile grows to 17 feet and can weigh more than a ton. Researchers have measured the massive bite force to be around 3, 700 pounds. These are mainly found in the Southeast Asia and northern Australia coasts.
These reptiles are very similar to their ancient ancestors, known to be found 85 million years ago. However, according to ancient history, the predator could bite even with more force. They were capable of generating more than double amount of crushing force.
A study published in Journal Scientific Reports says that T. rex had the biting force of around 8,000 pounds. Besides this, certain parts of their teeth were able to provide force more than 431,000 pounds per square inch. Such strong biting force gave them the massive power to eat extreme bones. The researchers often elaborate this as ‘extreme osteophagy’ or ‘extreme bone-eating’.
In the past, the well-known birds, dinosaurs were known for biting extremely deep into the bones. The authors wrote in the report that the capability to eat bones provided them all possible nutrients for their body. However, it is the achievement that is amazing to find in creatures with reptilians sort of mouth.
The authors pointed out that mammals like gray wolves and hyenas can only crush bone in this way. Even these animals rely on some elements of tooth assembly rather than on pure force.
The paleobiologist, Gregory Erickson says that strong bite force does not necessarily refer that animal can puncture, hide or crush the bones. According to him, tooth pressure is the biomechanically more important factor.
The lead author Paul Gignac and Erickson have found more interesting facts in this study. As per them, with the stronger bite force and repetitive bites, the dinosaurs could crush and break bones similar to mammals. Further study says that the PH value less than 1.5 helped dinosaurs to digest the bones.
In a press release, Gignac said that the bone-crunching acumen helped T. rex to fully utilize the carcasses of the large horned dinosaur. The bones of T. rex were rich in mineral salts and marrow. However, the less-equipped carnivorous dinosaurs lacked all these factors.